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When students learned how race had been created, how the structure of white supremacy had been constructed, they began to realize that it could also be destroyed. History Teacher, Washington, D. Teaching Activity. By Linda Christensen. Rethinking Schools. Teaching about racist patterns of displacement and wealth inequality through the Tulsa Massacre. By Bill Bigelow and Norm Diamond. By Nathanial W. A teacher describes a series of lessons he teaches to help his students understand race as a social construct.

By Bill Bigelow. This role play engages students in thinking about what freedpeople needed in order to achieve—and sustain—real freedom following the Civil War. Role play on farm labor organizing in the s shows how racism had to be challenged to create effective worker alliances.

NCERT Class 8 History Chapter 3: Ruling the Countryside (Examrace - Dr. Manishika) - English - CBSE

Book — Non-fiction. By Howard Zinn. Introduction by Cornel West. Includes some never before published writings, speeches and interviews that illustrate the evolution and fundamental principles around the story of race in the United States. By California Newsreel. Three episodes — 56 minutes each. A three-part documentary series that questions the very idea of race as biology.

My students are always amazed at the origins of racism in North America. Your email address will not be published. Search for:.

lesson plans the ruling class Manual

If I just had one hour to teach all of U. Accordingly, by nature, superior men subdue inferior ones as they subdue lower beings or try to improve them as they please. Hence while it pleased the abolitionists to believe in freeing Negroes and improving them, it also pleased them to believe that Southerners had to be punished and reconstructed by force. Thus began the Progressive Era. Neither were they shy about their desire for power. Wilson was the first American statesman to argue that the Founders had done badly by depriving the U. Their international schemes had brought blood and promised more.

The American people had failed them because democracy in its American form perpetuated the worst in humanity. Thus Progressives began to look down on the masses, to look on themselves as the vanguard, and to look abroad for examples to emulate. In the American Civil Liberties Union sponsored a legal challenge to a Tennessee law that required teaching the biblical account of creation.

But Progressives agreed on one thing: the approaching war should be blamed on the majority of Americans, because they had refused to lead the League of Nations. Franklin Roosevelt brought the Chautauqua class into his administration and began the process that turned them into rulers. As the saying goes, they came to Washington to do good, and stayed to do well.

As their number and sense of importance grew, so did their distaste for common Americans. This way of thinking about non-Progressives filtered down to college curricula.

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While it stakes its claim through intellectual-moral pretense, it holds power by one of the oldest and most prosaic of means: patronage and promises thereof. A priori , one might wonder whether enriching and empowering individuals of a certain kind can make Americans kinder and gentler, much less control the weather.

But there can be no doubt that such power and money makes Americans ever more dependent on those who wield it. Let us now look at what this means in our time. Dependence Economics By taxing and parceling out more than a third of what Americans produce, through regulations that reach deep into American life, our ruling class is making itself the arbiter of wealth and poverty. While the economic value of anything depends on sellers and buyers agreeing on that value as civil equals in the absence of force, modern government is about nothing if not tampering with civil equality.

Thus if you are not among the favored guests at the table where officials make detailed lists of who is to receive what at whose expense, you are on the menu. Laws and regulations nowadays are longer than ever because length is needed to specify how people will be treated unequally. For example, the health care bill of takes more than 2, pages to make sure not just that some states will be treated differently from others because their senators offered key political support, but more importantly to codify bargains between the government and various parts of the health care industry, state governments, and large employers about who would receive what benefits e.

The financial regulation bill of , far from setting univocal rules for the entire financial industry in few words, spends some 3, pages at this writing tilting the field exquisitely toward some and away from others. Even more significantly, these and other products of Democratic and Republican administrations and Congresses empower countless boards and commissions arbitrarily to protect some persons and companies, while ruining others.

Thus in the Republican administration first bailed out Bear Stearns, then let Lehman Brothers sink in the ensuing panic, but then rescued Goldman Sachs by infusing cash into its principal debtor, AIG. Then, its Democratic successor used similarly naked discretionary power and money appropriated for another purpose to give major stakes in the auto industry to labor unions that support it.

Nowadays, the members of our ruling class admit that they do not read the laws. Because modern laws are primarily grants of discretion, all anybody has to know about them is whom they empower. By making economic rules dependent on discretion, our bipartisan ruling class teaches that prosperity is to be bought with the coin of political support. Thus in the s and s, as Democrats and Republicans forced banks to make loans for houses to people and at rates they would not otherwise have considered, builders and investors had every reason to make as much money as they could from the ensuing inflation of housing prices.

When the bubble burst, only those connected with the ruling class at the bottom and at the top were bailed out. The ethanol industry and its ensuing diversions of wealth exist exclusively because of subsidies. But it surely increases the number of people dependent on the ruling class, and teaches Americans that satisfying that class is a surer way of making a living than producing goods and services that people want to buy.

Americans drive big cars, eat lots of meat as well as other unhealthy things, and go to the doctor whenever they feel like it. Americans think it justice to spend the money they earn to satisfy their private desires even though the ruling class knows that justice lies in improving the community and the planet. The ruling class knows that Americans must learn to live more densely and close to work, that they must drive smaller cars and change their lives to use less energy, that their dietary habits must improve, that they must accept limits in how much medical care they get, that they must divert more of their money to support people, cultural enterprises, and plans for the planet that the ruling class deems worthier.

So, ever-greater taxes and intrusive regulations are the main wrenches by which the American people can be improved and, yes, by which the ruling class feeds and grows. The money thus taken and directed is money that the citizens themselves might have used to pay for medical care. But when he gave up his money, he gave up the power to choose, and became dependent on all the boards and commissions that his money also pays for and that raise the cost ofcare.

Is it not clear that the government knows more about managing retirement income than individuals? Consider representation. Following Wilson, American Progressives have always wanted to turn the U. Hence whoever controls the majority party controls both Parliament and the government. Republican and Democratic state legislatures have gerrymandered for a half century.

To the extent party leaders do not have to worry about voters, they can choose privileged interlocutors, representing those in society whom they find most amenable. They become part of the ruling class.

Those who run the AMA, however, have a government contract as exclusive providers of the codes by which physicians and hospitals bill the government for their services. Similarly, modern labor unions are ever less bunches of workers banding together and ever more bundled under the aegis of an organization chosen jointly by employers and government.

Prototypical is the Service Employees International Union, which grew spectacularly by persuading managers of government agencies as well as of publicly funded private entities that placing their employees in the SEIU would relieve them of responsibility. Less and less do such persons count as voters. Ordinary people have also gone a long way toward losing equal treatment under law. Ever since Oliver Wendell Holmes argued in Missouri v. Holland that presidents, Congresses, and judges could not be bound by the U. Constitution regarding matters that the people who wrote and ratified it could not have foreseen, it has become conventional wisdom among our ruling class that they may transcend the Constitution while pretending allegiance to it.

By some in the ruling class felt confident enough to dispense with the charade. Are you kidding? As the discretionary powers of officeholders and of their informal entourages have grown, the importance of policy and of law itself is declining, citizenship is becoming vestigial, and the American people become ever more dependent. Thus the family prevents its members from playing their proper roles in social reform.

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Worst of all, it reproduces itself. The institution of no-fault divorce diminished the distinction between cohabitation and marriage — except that husbands are held financially responsible for the children they father, while out-of-wedlock fathers are not. Top Republicans and Democrats have also led society away from the very notion of marital fidelity by precept as well as by parading their affairs.

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The biggest demographic consequence has been that about one in five of all households are women alone or with children, in which case they have about a four in 10 chance of living in poverty. While our ruling class teaches that relationships among men, women, and children are contingent, it also insists that the relationship between each of them and the state is fundamental. That is why such as Hillary Clinton have written law review articles and books advocating a direct relationship between the government and children, effectively abolishing the presumption of parental authority.

Parents are not allowed to object to what their children are taught. But the government may and often does object to how parents raise children. It only takes an anonymous accusation of abuse for parents to be taken away in handcuffs until they prove their innocence. At stake are the most important questions: What is the right way for human beings to live?

By what standard is anything true or good? Who gets to decide what? Consensus among the right people is the only standard of truth.


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Facts and logic matter only insofar as proper authority acknowledges them. By identifying science and reason with themselves, our rulers delegitimize opposition. Thus does it go about disaggregating and dispiriting the ruled. George W.